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Difference between revisions of "Jūnihitoe"

(corrected a minor detail regarding the nagabakama; added link to relevant kasane no irome page in section mentioning colors)
 
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The '''jūnihitoe''' (十二単衣, twelve-layer robe) was a type of court attire worn by women in the [[Heian era]] (794 to 1185 CE).  Rather than a type of robe, it was a complete outfit which consisted of layers of coloured silk kimono worn over an under-robe of white silk and topped with a coat.  The layers of colours were visible at the sleeves and neck and were very important: they reflected the seasons and were an indication of a lady's taste, style, and rank. The term "juunihitoe" is a modern convention referring to the most formal version of this style that actually had twelve layers. The formal name for the style is itsutsu-karaginu-mo referring to the three components of the outfit.
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The '''jūnihitoe''' (十二単衣, twelve-layer robe) was a type of court attire worn by women in the [[Heian era]] (794 to 1185 CE).  Rather than a type of robe, it was a complete outfit which consisted of layers of coloured silk kimono worn over an under-robe of white silk and topped with a coat.  The layers of colours were visible at the sleeves and neck and were very important: they reflected the seasons and were an indication of a lady's taste, style, and rank. This system of colors was called [[Kasane no Irome]].  The term "juunihitoe" is a modern convention referring to the most formal version of this style that actually had twelve layers. The formal name for the style is itsutsu-karaginu-mo referring to the three components of the outfit.
  
 
[[Image:Kimono junihitoe 01.jpg|thumb|right|200px|Jūnihitoe]]<br>  
 
[[Image:Kimono junihitoe 01.jpg|thumb|right|200px|Jūnihitoe]]<br>  
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* a white silk undergarment
 
* a white silk undergarment
 
* an ankle or lower calf length red or white silk robe known as a [[kosode]]
 
* an ankle or lower calf length red or white silk robe known as a [[kosode]]
* a long red pleated split skirt called a ''[[Hakama#Nagabakama|nagabakama]]''
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* a long red or maroon pleated split skirt called a ''[[Hakama#Nagabakama|nagabakama]]''
 
* a ''hitoe'' unlined silk robe
 
* a ''hitoe'' unlined silk robe
 
* a series of layered coloured unlined robes called ''uchigi''
 
* a series of layered coloured unlined robes called ''uchigi''

Latest revision as of 17:47, 25 May 2012

The jūnihitoe (十二単衣, twelve-layer robe) was a type of court attire worn by women in the Heian era (794 to 1185 CE). Rather than a type of robe, it was a complete outfit which consisted of layers of coloured silk kimono worn over an under-robe of white silk and topped with a coat. The layers of colours were visible at the sleeves and neck and were very important: they reflected the seasons and were an indication of a lady's taste, style, and rank. This system of colors was called Kasane no Irome. The term "juunihitoe" is a modern convention referring to the most formal version of this style that actually had twelve layers. The formal name for the style is itsutsu-karaginu-mo referring to the three components of the outfit.

Jūnihitoe

A full jūnihitoe outfit was extremely heavy and cumbersome, consisting of ten or more separate layers,[1] including:

  • a white silk undergarment
  • an ankle or lower calf length red or white silk robe known as a kosode
  • a long red or maroon pleated split skirt called a nagabakama
  • a hitoe unlined silk robe
  • a series of layered coloured unlined robes called uchigi
  • a scarlet silk robe called an uchiginu
  • an shorter brocaded silk robe called an uwagi
  • on formal occasions the uwagi was worn under a kouchigi (literally, "small cloak"), a shorter brocade robe
  • a waist-length Chinese-style jacket called a karaginu
  • an apron-like train worn at the back and called a "mo"

References

  1. Sara M. Harvey, The Juni-hito of Heian Japan